quarta-feira, 31 de dezembro de 2008

Activité des forces marocaines au Sahara occidental : Abdelaziz écrit à Ban Ki-Moon


Bir Lehlu (territoires libérés), Le président de la République, Mohamed Abdelaziz a appelé le SG de l’ONU, Ban Ki-Moon et le Conseil de sécurité, afin d’exiger du Maroc "d’arrêter immédiatement ses travaux militaires offensifs en cours au Sahara occidental et à la reprise immédiate des négociations entre les parties au conflit pour la mise en application des résolutions du Conseil de sécurité".

"Nous vous appelons, Monsieur le SG, comme nous appelons le Conseil de sécurité, à tout faire pour qu’un terme soit mis à cette escalade et cette exhortation à la guerre en exigeant du Maroc d’arrêter immédiatement ses travaux militaires offensifs en cours au Sahara occidental et à souscrire à vos recommandations pour une reprise immédiate des négociations entre les parties au conflit pour la mise en application des résolutions du Conseil de sécurité", a écrit le président de la République à M. Ban dans une lettre parvenue à SPS.

M. Abdelaziz qui s’exprimait dans une lettre au SG de l’ONU à l’occasion du nouvel 2009, a adressé ses meilleurs voeux les meilleurs de santé et de succès "dans votre noble mission en faveur de la paix dans le monde conformément aux idéaux et principes de la charte de l’Organisation des Nations Unies".

Voici le texte intégral de la lettre :


"Monsieur le Secrétaire Général,

Je voudrais tout d’abord, à la veille de la nouvelle année 2009, vous adresser mes plus vives félicitations et mes voeux les meilleurs de santé et de succès dans votre noble mission en faveur de la paix dans le monde conformément aux idéaux et principes de la charte de l’Organisation des Nations Unies.

Monsieur le Secrétaire Général,

Depuis quelques jours, il a été constaté la concentration d’un grand nombre d’engins, de bulldozers et de camions à la frontière nord-est du Sahara occidental avec le Maroc. Mais, aujourd’hui, il est manifeste que ce mouvement de matériel a pour objectif une activité militaire déclarée de l’armée marocaine, au mépris des termes du cessez-le-feu en vigueur dans le territoire, depuis le 06 septembre 1991.

En effet, l’armée marocaine entreprend actuellement, depuis la región de Mahbés au nord-est du territoire, une grande opération de reconstruction et consolidation du mur militaire englobant les territoires occupés du Sahara occidental. A ce jour, les travaux incluant la surélévation du mur à plus de cinq mètres de hauteur, le réaménagement et fortification des bases des compagnies et unités militaires ont atteint plus de dix kilomètres à l’intérieur du territoire sahraoui au niveau du point 27º 35’ 661 Nord et 08º 46’ 622 Ouest.

Alors que l’accord du cessez-le-feu entre l’Armée sahraouie et les forces armées royales marocaines, du 06 septembre 1991, et plus tard l’accord militaire nº1 établissaient clairement que les deux parties sont tenues de respecter l’état de situation prévalant avant la cessation des hostilités et partant interdisaient tout renforcement ou consolidation de leurs dispositifs militaires respectifs, cette nouvelle provocation du Maroc constitue une violation gravissime de la trève supervisée par les Nations Unies et une provocation inadmissible.

Le Maroc ne peut indéfiniment de la sorte défier la communauté internationale tout en refusant le dialogue et la négociation, en foulant aux pieds les règles du Droit international qui font du respect des droits du peuple sahraoui à l’autodétermination un passage obligé pour la solution du conflit maroco-sahraoui et en violant, dans l’impunité totale, les droits humains au Sahara occidental, comme vient de le rappeler, dans son dernier rapport, l’ONG Human Rights Watch et avant elle l'Office du Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les droits de l'homme.

Aussi, nous vous appelons, Monsieur le Secrétaire général, comme nous appelons le Conseil de sécurité, à tout faire pour qu’un terme soit mis à cette escalade et cette exhortation à la guerre en exigeant du Maroc d’arrêter immédiatement ses travaux militaires offensifs en cours au Sahara occidental et à souscrire à vos recommendations pour une reprise immédiate des négociations entre les parties au conflit pour la mise en application des résolutions du Conseil de sécurité.

Hautes Considérations.

Mohamed Abdelaziz, Président de la RASD
Et Secrétaire général du Front POLISARIO."

UPES calls for the protection of Palestinian citizens from genocide


Photos of 5 Palestinian sisters /between 4 and 12 years old, killed in Gaza

Saharawi Journalists’ and Writers’ Union (UPES) called on the international community, Wednesday in a press release, to protect the Palestinian citizens in Gaza Strip from the genocide and mass killing committed by the Israeli army.

The text vividly condemned the attack, which is waged by the Israeli army against Gaza since last Saturday, as “a real premeditated genocide” against Palestinian.

The Saharawi journalists and writers express their principled and unconditional solidarity with the Palestinian people, who are now targeted by a blind killing machine that doesn’t distinguish between kids and elderly.

Reports talk so far of more than 384 Palestinian killed, including more than 21 child, and more than 1700 persons injured.

The press release also compared the current attacks against innocent people to the Moroccan army attacks against the Saharawi population during the Moroccan invasion of the last colony in Africa in 1975.

UPES also called on the UN and on governments to act quickly and without more delays to protect the Palestinians and compel the Israeli government to put an end to its violations of the international legality, human rights and international human values.

It also called on the neighboring countries, especially Egypt, to assume their responsibility and provide the Palestinian with all needed support and assistance without further delay.

The text finally warned against the Israeli attempts to put Gaza under complete Medias and military siege so as to exterminate the Palestinian resistance.

Moroccan forces of occupation targets children in Western Sahara (report)


Sources of the Saharawi Journalists’ and Writers’ Union (UPES) in the occupied zones of Western Sahara and in the south of Morocco indicated that the Moroccan forces of occupation targets more and more Saharawi children and primary schools’ students, arresting them, torturing them and interrogating them with a lot of intimidating psychologically dangerous ways.

Last Sunday 21st December 2008, the Moroccan police arrested the 16 years old student Charaf Addin Mohamed Salem Dichkour. He was driven in a police car to a police station in the city where he was subjected to interrogation and torture “as it is the custom”, the same sources added.

In the next day, the family of the young student indicated to Saharawi human rights activists that he was released “and had obvious traces of torture on his body. The family had to take him to the hospital in the city. Doctors asserted that he has a fracture in the muscles of his left arm as a result to torture and to the ill-treatment he was subjected to in the police car”.

The boy also told the human rights activists that he spent the whole night without clothes on the bare and cold cell without bedding or blankets. He also said that his torturers undressed him to scare him of rape.

In the city of El Aaiun, another 16 years kid, Hassan Saad Buh, was arrested by the Moroccan police last Saturday 27 December 2008 after he got out of school.

Right after that, another student, Bazeid Lahmad, was arrested allegedly because the Moroccan police is accusing him of distributing leaflets that demand the decolonisation of Western Sahara!

Both kids were taken to the central police station in the occupied capital of Western Sahara, El Aaiun, as reported by the Saharawi Collective of Human Rights Defenders (CODESA).

In the occupied city of Smara, the kidnapping and torture of a 9 years old Saharawi girl, by a group of Moroccan police agents, cause a wide condemnation in the city.

The little girl said in a video that her kidnappers, which she is able to identify as she said, took her outside the city “in a place where there are many trees”, to beat her, interrogate her about some girls who participate to peaceful demonstrations apparently.

She said that her kidnappers insulted her with “bad words”, and probably threatened her of rape! To make her give them the names of demonstrators.

In the city of Tanta, in 10 December 2008, a group of Saharawi youngsters were arrested, including a minor, Bakar El Kentawi, after a violent intervention from the Moroccan police to disperse a peaceful demonstration of protest in front of the house of El Houssein Abd Sadek Lakteif (a young Saharawi student who was killed along with another student, Baba Khaya, by Moroccan authorities in Agadir during a sit-in organised in 1 December 2008).

According to human rights activists’ sources, the group of detainees was taken by the police to the stadium of the city where they were all beaten savagely, ill-treated and threatened of rape before they were released without any charges!

In 03 November 2008, the young Saharawi girl, Enguia Elhawassi, said she has been kidnapped by Moroccan police and interrogated under torture outside the occupied city of El Aaiun.

Enguia, it should be recalled, has been arrested more than 6 times since 2005 and her name and story has been reported in the latest report of Human Rights Watch on the human rights situation in Western Sahara.

Saharawi minor, Mohamed Saaidi, has been arrested on 03 September 2008 and transferred to the notorious Black Prison (Carcel Negra) in the occupied city of El Aaiun, where he has been imprisoned with adults.

Saaidi has been arrested during his participation in a peaceful demonstration in the neighbourhood of Al Aawda. Demonstrators only lift Saharawi flags and chant slogans asking for the independence of Western Sahara.

He was subjected to torture and interrogation during the period of his arrested and the police forced him to sign false confession to incriminate him.

In the same month in the occupied city of Smara, a police patrol arrested the Saharawi minor, Basiri Salah, in the neighbourhood of the neighbourhood Salam. He was subjected to violent interrogatory and tortured in the police station.

In May 2008, the Moroccan police in the occupied city of El Aaiun arrested many young Saharawis. Their number and names couldn’t be identified by the human rights activists, but they were able to notice that there was a young girl, minor, among the arrestee. This group was arrested after a student’s peaceful demonstration.

Once taken to the hospital Belmehdi in El Aaiun, the young girl, Fatma Laaziza Belkasmi, indicated that she was subjected to torture in the police station. She also said that all the arrestee were badly tortured by policemen, and by agents in civil clothes.

Worse, she asserted to the sources of UPES that few minutes after she was taken to the hospital, a nurse started torturing her to help some police agents interrogate her. She said that the nurse stabbed her with injections in sensitive parts of her body to make her talk, while the policemen stopped her parents outside the hospital for three hours.

In Mars 2008, concordant sources in El Aaiun told UPES that the Moroccan forces of occupation arrested and tortured dozens Saharawi citizens, after they violently dispersed a peaceful demonstrations asking for the independence of Western Sahara.

The same sources said that 10 children were among the group. The names of the kids are: Deich ould Mohamed Mbarek Masoud, Ayub Mohamed, Yassin, Mahmoud Beilal, Baba Ahmed Ndour, Sid Ahmed Garhi, Mohamed Atam, El Wali and Krikou, all of them are between 11 and 12, in addition to the 8 years old boy, Najem Burial.

In February 2008, the Moroccan police in the occupied El Aaiun arrested Abd El Hay El Kaskas (12 years old) and his younger brother Mohamed Bachir El Kaskas. They both were subjected to torture and intimidation before they were released.

In January 2008, the Moroccan police arrested two kids at least after they violently dispersed a peaceful demonstration in the occupied cities of Smara and Boujdour. Police was reported to have used excessive violence in the intervention causing many dangerous injured victims, including minors.

Source then indicated that the child, Ahmed Nahi, was taken by police outside the city of Boujdour. They tortured him and threatened to rape him to force him give the names of his friends.

In the same month, the Moroccan police sealed schools to scare the young students, intimidating them and insulting them after some slogans were written on the walls of some schools.

In this respect, the police arrested the student Mahmoud, took him to a police station and he was bashed and intimidated.

In January too, policemen arrested a minor in a cyber café, mainly Mahmoud Labeihi, because he was navigating on the net and visiting some Saharawi websites that demand the decolonisation of Western Sahara!

In brief, the Moroccan premeditated attacks against the Saharawi young generation and kids aims to intimidate them, push them to give up their studies and sometimes even to break their future for ever. In many cases the kid ends up with a serious physical of psychological handicap of injury that would be very hard to cure.


Saharawi Government condemns the massacre in Gaza


The Government of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) and the Polisario Front condemned, Monday, the massacre committed by Israel against Palestinians in Gaza Strip since Saturday, in which more than 350 victims were killed and 1600 injured, according to SPS.

The Government of the SADR considers that "the use of force, the policy of occupation, killing and terror against defenceless citizens are contrary to morals, laws and customs of the humanity and are in contradiction with international legality."
Based on this principle, Saharawi Government, "expresses its solidarity with the Palestinian people in the tragedy subsequent to the massacre perpetrated by Israeli forces against Palestinians in Gaza Strip", said the text.

The Saharawi Government and the Polisario Front which strongly condemn this criminal aggression against the Palestinian people, "urged the international community and all peoples and governments, especially the Arabs to act urgently in order to bring to a halt these premeditated assaults, to protect the defenceless Palestinian people and lift the siege imposed on Gaza Strip."

Testimony of a Saharawi woman about the human rights’ situation in the occupied territories


Melek Ameidan is a young Saharawi woman who lives in the occupied territories of western Sahara, by telling her own experience in the short Youtube’s video below she tries to describe how the Saharawi people live and fight the Moroccan army of occupation, and she emphasizes the Saharawi women’s participation in all the peaceful demonstrations against the Moroccan colonial presence in Western Sahara.

segunda-feira, 29 de dezembro de 2008

Le président de la République adresse un message de félicitations à son homologue algérien, Abdelaziz Bouteflika


Bir Lehlu (territoires libérés), Le président de la République, Mohamed Abdelaziz a adressé un message de félicitations à son homologue algérien, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, à l'occasion de l'avènement du nouvel an de l’hégire 1430 et la nouvelle année 2009.

Dans ce message, M. Abdelaziz a exprimé, en son nom et en celui du gouvernement et du peuple sahraouis, à son homologue, Abdelaziz Bouteflika et au peuple algérien ses chaleureuses félicitations, leur souhaitant une nouvelle année pleine de succès, de progrès et de prospérité.

Le président de la République a réitéré la disposition constante de la RASD pour la consolidation des excellentes relations existantes entre les deux pays et peuples frères, pour le bien de la paix, la stabilité et la prospérité dans la région.

Saharawi child victim to abduction and torture


A film taken by a cell phone’s camera presented the testimony of a 9 years old girl, who has been abducted by a group of policemen, taken outside the city of Smara and tortured and threatened.

When the story of the child reached the Saharawi medias, it was spread through the net, so the Moroccan authorities asked the family to bring the little girl, and to say in front of the camera that all what is said on the net are lies.

The young girl was so scared that in her testimony, she hardly holds herself from crying, but she was brave enough to say the truth about what happened with her.

Transcript of her innocent testimony:

The girl appears sitting in a room; she is talking to a Saharawi woman, who is encouraging her to go on talking and telling her story.

The girl starts speaking:

“I was playing outside our home… then police came and arrested me… they took me to a place where there are too many trees, and they started asking me questions, they said to me: you distributed leaflets, and you brought them from the house of your family, didn’t you? They started asking me many questions, and started beating me, one of them kicked me here (she points to her body), and they asked me. Then they took me back in their car and dropped me. I was so scared that they would go again to my family house to arrest me and beat me again”.

(Talking about the second time she was subjected to interrogation before the Moroccan official news agency pretended that her story was made up and not true).

She says:

“When they took us again just now, they asked me: who was with you… and which car took you (the car of her kidnappers).. and asked me a lot of questions. They asked me if I remember them (the policemen who abducted and tortured her). They asked me, can you identify anyone of them if you see him, can you remember them? I said: Yes, I can.
And they continued asking me questions, saying: who are the girls who were with you? I said: I don’t know.

(The woman asks the girl: Did they say to you bad words?)

The girl:

“Yes they did. They said to us a lot of bad words, but we didn’t answer them… we didn’t say a word when they were addressing us bad words. After that they brought us near the milk shop. I harried upstairs and I hided and started crying, until Bteila (a woman) and her sister came, took my hand and took me to the house”

New Zealand company Ballance Agri-Nutrients again imports phosphate from occupied Western Sahara


The New Zealand company, Ballance Agri-Nutrients, has again bought phosphate rock from a Moroccan state phosphate company in occupied Western Sahara. The shipment arrived 3 December 2008, on the Israeli managed vessel ‘White Diamond’.

Ballance Agri-Nutrients has for several years purchased phosphates from occupied Western Sahara, from the illegal occupying power in the territory.

Such trade is clearly in violation of international law, as described by the UN in 2002.

It is furthermore highly unethical. Morocco refuses to withdraw from the territory that it illegally occupied in 1975. A majority of the Western Sahara people has been living in exile since the occupation began, and more than 500 Saharawis have disappeared. Human Rights Watch in a report on 19th of December described the very harsh conditions for human rights in the Moroccan occupied territory. The US based NGO Freedom House labels the occupied Western Sahara as one of the most repressive societies in the world, and compares the situation with the one in Zimbabwe.

Still, Ballance Agri-Nutrients continues its unethical imports. The purchases are made from a Moroccan governmental company called OCP, despite the fact that no state recognises the Moroccan claim to Western Sahara. OCP sacked most of the indigenous workers in 1975, when Morocco took control over the mines. These people were quickly replaced by Moroccan settlers.

"We strongly urge Ballance Agri-Nutrients to follow very basic principles of Corporate Social Responsibility, and immediately find other sources for its phosphate imports", said Cate Lewis, international coordinator of Western Sahara Resource Watch.

"Supporting an illegal occupying power in violating international law, while the local people earn nothing from the plundering, on the contrary are being subjected to the worst forms of torture, is highly unethical. As long as there is a conflict in Western Sahara, and Morocco continues its presence there, no company should source its phosphates from the territory", said Lewis.

Morocco earns billions of dollars on the industry each year, while the Saharawi people protests the trade.

The photos of the vessel ‘White Diamond’ below were taken in the Port of Tauranga, New Zealand, on 3 December 2008. To the right of the vessel, you can see parts of Ballance Agri-Nutrient’s factory.

‘White Diamond’ is managed by the Israeli company Ofer Ships, sails under Liberian flag, and has IMO number 9330666
.

sábado, 27 de dezembro de 2008

Madeira steals another beach



Madeira has constructed a second artificial beach. Just as before, the sand is originating from occupied Western Sahara.

"The sand that is being used on Madeira is coming from North Africa, from the zone of Western Sahara", explained a local Madeira official to the Portuguese news service Lusa. The beach was being made by "half a dozen ships of different size".

This is the second artificial beach on Madeira, after the initial 2004 Calheta beach, which has been labeled "a success" by the local authorities. WSRW wrote about Calheta beach earlier this year.

22.000 tonnes of sand were supposedly used for the contruction of the new beach in Machico county. The new 125 meter long, 70 meter wide beach was inaugurated on the 29th of September 2008.

As far as Western Sahara Resource Watch knows, representatives of the Sahrawi people have not been consulted in the process of the sand purchase. Therefore, the Portuguese imports are probably in violation of international law.

Mais areia para Machico

DNoticias Madeira
Data: 10-09-2008
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=593278&page=13

Machico recebeu 4.500 toneladas de areia amarela transportada desde Marrocos

Encontra-se atracado no porto do Caniçal o navio de carga geral 'Aastun'. Com procedência do porto de Laayoune, este transporta nos seus porões cerca de 4.500 toneladas de areia amarela, a qual tem como finalidade criar uma praia artificial de areia amarela em Machico.

A descarga da areia do porão do navio teve inicio na manhã de ontem e segundo conseguimos apurar implicará que os camiões envolvidos nesta operação realizem, no total, cerca de 155 viagens entre o Porto do Caniçal e a praia de Machico.

Com este transporte, o terceiro até ao momento, aquela praia já recebeu cerca de 12.400 toneladas de areia amarela, toda ela proveniente de Marrocos, sendo de salientar que para o final desta semana está prevista a vinda de mais um navio com cerca de 3.250 toneladas de areia. Dessa forma, aquela praia irá receber no total 16.000 toneladas de areia, toda ela proveniente de Marrocos.

Sobre o 'Aastun' refira-se que o mesmo foi construído nos estaleiros dinamarqueses 'Svendborg', no ano de 1975. Das suas principais características salientamos os 94,21 metros de comprimento, 15,40 metros de boca (largura) e um calado de 6,55 metros, com uma arqueação bruta de 3.136 toneladas. De casco único, o navio está registado no Panamá e pertence à Arabella Enterprise, com sede em Las Palmas, Canárias.

Depois de concluir as operações de descarga, o navio zarpa com destino a alto mar, sendo que o seu agenciamento para a madeira está a cargo do agente Via Oceano, Lda.


Blog: Madeira4u
Text and photo (right)
Moored in the port at Caniçal is the ship 'Aastun' with it's precious cargo of yellow Moroccan sand. The 4,500 tons are waiting to go to Machico beach in 155 lorry journeys. 12,400 tons have already been delivered here, and another 3,250 tons are almost on their way in the final delivery (16,000 tons in all). Anyone living near a beach not far from Machico must be eagerly awaiting the winter storms as nature prepares to share out the sandy booty of Machico.

http://www.madeira4u.com/blog.html?p=1584


Also the vessel 'Hannes' took part in the construction of the beach, with a shipment in September.

Madeira steals another beach


Madeira has constructed a second artificial beach. Just as before, the sand is originating from occupied Western Sahara.

"The sand that is being used on Madeira is coming from North Africa, from the zone of Western Sahara", explained a local Madeira official to the Portuguese news service Lusa. The beach was being made by "half a dozen ships of different size".

This is the second artificial beach on Madeira, after the initial 2004 Calheta beach, which has been labelled "a success" by the local authorities. WSRW wrote about Calheta beach earlier this year.

22.000 tonnes of sand were supposedly used for the construction of the new beach in Machico County. The new 125 meter long, 70 meter wide beach was inaugurated on the 29th of September 2008.

As far as Western Sahara Resource Watch knows, representatives of the Saharawi people have not been consulted in the process of the sand purchase. Therefore, the Portuguese imports are probably in violation of international law.

quinta-feira, 25 de dezembro de 2008

Morocco/Western Sahara: Irregularities in Sahrawi activist's trial


Amnesty International is concerned about the recent sentencing of Sahrawi activist Mustafa Abdel Dayem, currently on hunger strike, to three years in prison on the basis of what he claims was a falsified record of statements he made in custody. The organization is also concerned that other aspects of Mustafa Abdel Dayem's trial proceedings did not meet international fair trial standards as he was denied the right to legal counsel during his appeal hearing. His case was submitted several days ago to Morocco's highest court, the Court of Cassation, which can review the alleged irregularities in his trial and, if confirmed, dismiss the ruling and send the case for retrial by a lower court.

Amnesty International fears that Mustafa Abdel Dayem's conviction may have been intended to punish him for his public support for the right to self-determination for the people of Western Sahara and for the Polisario Front, which calls for an independent state in Western Sahara and runs a self-proclaimed government-in-exile in refugee camps in south-western Algeria.

Mustafa Abdel Dayem, member of both the Assa-Zag Branch of the Moroccan Association for Human Rights and the Sahrawi Journalists' and Writers' Union, was arrested without a warrant on the evening of 27 October 2008 at his home in Assa in southern Morocco and taken to the Royal Gendarmerie Station in the same city. His arrest followed anti-government protests in Assa earlier that day by Sahrawi members of the population calling for the creation of employment opportunities and the right of the Sahrawi people to self-determination. While Mustafa Abdel Dayem claims not to have participated in the protests, he admits to having lowered the Moroccan flag from the 'Alal Al-Fassi secondary school, where he worked as a security guard. He explains that his action was intended to show his support and solidarity with the demonstrators and his opposition to the intervention of law enforcement officers to break up the protests.

On 4 November 2008, the Court of First Instance of Guelmimsentenced Mustafa Abdel Dayem to a three-year prison term and a fine of 50,000 dirhams (approximately US$6,220) for offending the flag of the Kingdom of Morocco, rebelling and inciting an armed gathering, participating in the destruction of public property and participating in the contempt of public officials on duty. The sentence also included a prohibition on Mustafa Abdel Dayem from practicing teaching or working in any educational institution for a period of 10 years. Mustafa Abdel Dayem insists that the record of his questioning by the Royal Gendarmerie (procès-verbal), on which his conviction was largely based, was falsified -- attributing to him acts which he neither committed nor confessed to committing during his interrogation at the Royal Gendarmerie station in Assa. He argued that he had signed a procès-verbal following his questioning, whereas the one presented to the court was unsigned. During the hearing, his defence team walked out in protest at the court's refusal to call on the Royal Gendarmerie to produce as evidence the procès-verbal signed by Mustafa Abdel Dayem.

During his appeal trial, Mustafa Abdel Dayem was denied his right to be defended by legal counsel. According to members of his defence team, none of his lawyers was summoned to the appeal hearings which took place at the Court of Appeals of Agadir. Furthermore, Mustafa Abdel Dayem claims that his request to postpone the second hearing on 11 December until his lawyers were present or until he had had the opportunity to constitute a different defence team was rejected by the court, which confirmed the lower court's conviction later that day. On 19 December his lawyers submitted an appeal against the ruling to the Court of Cassation, which is mandated to review cases only on questions of procedure, but no date has yet been set for its consideration of the case.

Mustafa Abdel Dayem, currently incarcerated at Inzegane Prison in Agadir, has reportedly been on hunger strike since 13 December 2008 to protest the Court of First Instance's refusal to request as evidence his signed procès-verbal to the Royal Gendarmerie and the Court of Appeal's insistence on pronouncing its decision despite the absence of his defence team.. Seven of his family members in Assa, including his parents, who are elderly, started a hunger strike on the same day in solidarity with him, threatening to continue it until he is retried in a trial meeting international standards.

Background

Since 2005, dozens of Sahrawis have been charged with violent conduct and detained after being arrested during or after demonstrations against Moroccan rule in Western Sahara. Many of those arrested allege that they were tortured or otherwise ill-treated to force them to sign confessions, to intimidate them from protesting further or to punish them for demanding the right to self-determination for the people of Western Sahara. The Moroccan authorities continue to claim that those imprisoned were involved in criminal acts and are not being held for their views. Amnesty International has serious concerns about the fairness of their trials, including that some of the evidence was tainted on account of unexamined claims of torture or other ill-treatment and that defendants were not permitted to call defence witnesses

In October 2008, Yahya Mohamed ElHafed, member of the Collective of Sahrawi Human Rights Defenders, was found guilty of violent conduct and sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment in connection with his participation in a protest in Tan Tan against Moroccan rule. Eight other defendants received sentences of up to four years in prison. Allegations that they were tortured during questioning were not investigated.

WSRW urges Island Oil & Gas to not renew their reconnaissance contract in occupied Western Sahara


24th of December 2008, the oil reconnaissance contract held by the Irish oil company Island Oil & Gas for oil exploration in occupied Western Sahara expired. Today WSRW sent the company a letter demanding them to not renew their engagement.

Here is the complete text of the letter, signed by Mrs. Cate Lewis, International Coordinator of Western Sahara Resource Watch.
----------------------------

Paul Griffiths
CEO Island Oil & Gas

Dear Paul Griffiths,

Open letter to Island Oil & Gas

We urge your company to please reconsider your unethical business in occupied Western Sahara.

The day after Island Oil and Gas announced that an agreement for oil reconnaissance in occupied Western Sahara had been signed with Morocco, 13 December 2006, WSRW sent you a letter urging your company to immediately terminate the agreement, and asked for a meeting in
Dublin.


We would like to remind you that we have still not received an answer to that letter.

We also notice that now, two years later, it still seems that your company have not done anything to seek permission or acceptance from the Sahrawi people. Your activities seem only to be in coordination with the Moroccan state oil company ONHYM, or with the Moroccan government.

We would thus like to remind you that Western Sahara is not a part of Morocco, and that Morocco has no right to extend such licences to foreign companies. The right of a people to self-determination includes, inter alia, the right of permanent sovereignty over its natural resources. Permanent sovereignty over natural resources is a customary principle of international law

Regarding the legality of your agreement, we would like to urge you to read
the presentation by the former UN Under-Secretary General for Legal Affairs,
Hans Corell,
at the Conference on Multilateralism and International Law with Western Sahara as a Case Study, hosted by the University of Pretoria and the South African Department of Foreign Affairs, on December 5th 2008.

His conclusion is crystal clear. Oil exploration or exploitation in Western Sahara is in violation of international law, if the Sahrawi people has not been consulted.

This position is also shared by the Irish Government. See statement from Irish
Minister of Foreign affairs on 1st May 2008


On this basis, WSRW promises that if Island Oil & Gas decides ever to proceed with advanced stages of oil exploration or exploitation in Western Sahara, we will do our utmost to make sure that your activities be tried by an appropriate legal body.

But, as we have pointed out before, your agreement in Western Sahara is most of all a matter of ethics. Working for a brutal occupying power inside an occupied country, in the disregard of the wishes of the oppressed people, is highly unethical.

For information of the human rights violations committed in the town of Smara, which is located on the Island Oil and Gas block,
please see the 216 page report published by Human Rights Watch on December 19th
2008.


The report contains testimonies of Sahrawi youths from Smara town that are detained by police, “driving them to an isolated location, and then beating them as a form of ‘summary punishment’ for their suspected participation in street protests in favor of Sahrawi self-determination”.

Only last week, on Wednesday 17th December, a nine year old girl called Lalou Cheikh Bel Limam, also living on the Island Oil and Gas block, was taken from her home by the police and interrogated for 10 hours. When released, she had traces of beatings on her body.

These incidents are common in Smara, on that very land where you plan to look for oil.

But these are not any kind of violations as found in many other countries. They are committed by an illegal occupying power on an occupied land. Above all, we would believe that the Irish people would understand what occupation and self-determination means. Your company is working with a foreign government that oppresses a people in their neighbouring country. It is contrary to any kind of elementary corporate social responsibility.

Today, December 24th, your one-year extension of your contract terminates.

http://www.islandoilandgas.com/default.asp?docId=12442&newsItem=12858


In respect of the Sahrawi people, and of the hundreds of thousands of refugees, and of the families of the 512 Saharawis who have disappeared from the surface of the earth since the occupation began: please reconsider what you are doing.

Please do not renew your engagement in occupied Western Sahara.

May you have a peaceful Christmas.

Yours sincerely,

Cate Lewis
International Coordinator
Western Sahara Resource Watch

Free Mustapha Abd Daiem: Save the life of the family of a Saharawi prisoner of conscience in hunger strike


Open Letter:
Campaign:
“Free Mustapha Abd Daiem”
Saharawi Journalist, writer and human rights activist

Save the life of the family of a Saharawi prisoner of conscience in hunger strike

Dear Sir or Madame

I am writing you, on behalf of The Saharawi Journalists’ and Writers’ Union (UPES), to inform you about a critical human situation that needs your immediate and urgent care.

The Saharawi prisoner of conscience, human rights activist, short-stories writer and journalist, Mustapha Abd Daiem, who is serving a three years imprisonment sentence in the Moroccan prison of Inzegan is undertaking an unlimited hunger strike in his cell since last Saturday 13 December 2008 to protest against the unfair judgement he was victim to.

The Moroccan colonial court sentenced him 3 years imprisonment, 50.000 Moroccan dr fine and 10 years ban from public employment.

The members of his family, (his father, Mohamed Abd Daiem (81 Years old/ he fainted twice on the 21 and 22 December and refused to take medication), his mother Raquia Chkili (70 years old), his two sisters Khadija and Mariam, his wife, Raquia Amay, and his two nephews Saaid and Yuness, are also hunger striking since the same day (13 Dec), sitting in front of the house of their son in Assa (a city in the southern zone of Morocco).

So far, many members of the family fainted, lost consciousness and all of them started feeling side effects of the hunger strike, especially the mother, who needs Insulin, but also his sister Khadija who was transferred on Saturday 20 Dec because she started vomiting blood, and the doctor ordered her transfer to the hospital of Gulmim (100 Km west of Assa) because her state is serious, he said.

Mustapha’s wife, Raquia Amay, and his nephew Youness also lost consciousness last week, but they refuse to take any medication unless the prisoner of conscience is given justice by the Moroccan court.

In their last press release, of which UPES received a copy (read the translated copy below), the hunger-striking members of the family reiterated their determination to keep up with the hunger strike until their son is given justice.

The story of Mustapha Abd Daiem

Mustapha Abd Daiem was born in March 1962 in the Moroccan city of Sale, he graduated in Philosophy from the university of Mohamed V in Rabat in 1984, and graduated from the Regional Centre of Teachers in El Qunaitira (Morocco) in 1986, to work as a teacher of Arabic language and Islamic sciences.

Meanwhile, he worked as a reporter to many Moroccan newspapers, especially: “El Watan”, “Al Alam Assiyasi”, “Al Ahdath Almaghribiya” and used to publish in many other Moroccan newspapers.

In 2006 he became a member of UPES, and started publishing short stories and articles on the UPES website, criticising the Moroccan authorities’ violations in Western Sahara and unveiling the truth about many phenomenon and realities on the ground.

He used to be very active in Moroccan political parties and civil society, and is an ex-member of : “the Moroccan socialist youth”, “Ex-Member of the Bureau of the Moroccan youth workshops”, “Ex-Member of the Bureau of the Popular childhood”.

In December 2007, he was one of many Saharawis who decided to found a Saharawi Committee for the Defence of Human Rights in Zag (a city in the south of Morocco) and he was elected Secretary General of the new human rights body.

Because of his writing and criticism to the Moroccan occupation of Western Sahara, and because he clearly indicates that he is for an independent Western Sahara, Mustapha Abd Daiem started having problems with the Moroccan authorities, especially since 2005, when he started working in the city of Zag and Assa, where there is a majority of Saharawis. As a journalist, he kept reporting in his articles about the Moroccan serious human rights’ violations and abuses in these two cities and in the other cities of Western Sahara under Moroccan occupation, and this didn’t suit the authorities in the city, who tried many time to intimidate him, the members of his family and his friends.

In 8 December 2006, he tried to make an end to his life in public, by pouring fuel on his body aiming to set himself on fire. Saharawi population in the street stopped him from doing so in the last minute.

In March 2007, he was attacked by a person on the sold of the Moroccan authorities, who tried to kill him. The result of the attack for the Saharawi journalist and writer was a broken arm and he was officially advised by his doctor to take 60 days off to recover (in an official certificate).

The Moroccan police didn’t arrest the criminal, and instead, the Saharawi journalist was brought before the Moroccan persecutor.

In October 2008, Mr. Mustapha Abd Daiem was arrested on the 28th October 2008, in the city of Assa (south of Morocco), because he clearly expressed support to Saharawi demonstrators in the city who were confronting Moroccan forces after the latter attacked their peaceful sit-in the same day.

When he heard about the serious attacks by the Moroccan forces against many Saharawi families’ houses (many were ransacked) he decided to release his students to give them a chance to go help their parents. He also decided to lower the Moroccan flag “as a sign of sadness and solidarity with the victims of the attack”, he said in a testimony that he sent to UPES from his prison, and published on the website.

The same day of his arrest in Assa, his sister Khadija was arrested in the city of Dakhla (a city in Western Sahara occupied by Morocco). Khadija had a misunderstanding with a Moroccan settler who works with the secret police, she went to complain at the police station, and instead of arresting or calling the Moroccan settler for interrogation, she found herself accused of a so-called “attack against a public agent while doing his duty”.

The Saharawi Journalists’ and Writers’ Union (UPES) would like to inform all international human rights organisations, associations, and the UN’s relevant bodies that it is deeply concerned about the fate and physical and moral safety of Mr. AbdDaiem, and calls on them to adopt the necessary demarches to help release him as soon as possible, especially that he was judged in the absence of his lawyers in the last trial in the Moroccan court of appeal in Agadir simply because they were even not informed about the date of the trial.

The Saharawi Journalists’ and Writers’ Union (UPES) also expresses deep concerns about the state of health of the hunger-striking members of the family of Abd Daiem, especially that the father and the mother are very old for such a strike (81 and 70 years old), and that at least three other members (the prisoner’s sister, wife and nephew) are in immediate danger.

The Saharawi Journalists’ and Writers’ Union (UPES) would like to inform you that it tried to contact Reporters Without Borders, and other human rights organisations to inform them about the situation, in vain. And would like to seize this opportunity to inform you that it will soon launch a campaign of support and solidarity with the Saharawi journalist, short-stories writer and human rights activist, Mustapha Abd Daiem, and will need your support, assistance and advices.

The Saharawi Journalists’ and Writers’ Union (UPES) would like to highly praise Amnesty International support, having issued a press release on the subject on Tuesday 23 December (read the press release bellow). And would like to call on the international organisation to remain seized of the subject until it’s settlement.

Today, 24 December, the Saharawi Journalists’ and Writers’ Union (UPES) launched an urgent appeal towards the members of the family to stop their hunger strike, so as to give us an opportunity to campaign in favour of the prisoner of conscience without risking to lose anyone of them because of the strike.

For this, please check the UPES website (www.upes.org) in the coming days for further information, and for any correspondence send your emails to the Secretary General of UPES, Mr. Malainin Lakhal on his email below.

Finally, please accept Sir or Madame, my best regards.


Mr. Malainin Lakhal
General Secretary
UPES
Saharawi Refugee camps

Email: mellakhal@gmail.com
URL Arabic: www.upes.org
URL English: www.upes.org/default_eng.asp
URL Spanish: www.upes.org/default_es.asp
Cell phone: +213.776.88.91.67

-------------------------------------

Appendices:

Annex 1:
Press release
The hunger-striking members of the family Abd Daiem

20 December 2008

For the eight successive day of our open hunger-strike, and despite the deterioration of our health and also the deterioration of the health of the Saharawi prisoner of conscience, writer and journalist, Mustapha Abd Daiem, imprisoned in the local prison of Inzegan, we, the family of the Saharawi prisoner of conscience Abd Daiem declare:
1- Our attachment to the Saharawi people’s right to self-determination and our reaffirmation of POLISARIO Front as its legitimate and only representative.
2- Our determination to continue the open hunger-strike until justice is done.
3- Our call to all Saharawi human rights organisations to assume their responsibilities in front of God, in front of history and in front of the Saharawi people.
4- Our call to the UN and to international organisations and bodies to put more pressures on Morocco to force it release all Saharawi prisoners of conscience.

All the country free or martyrdom

---------------------------------------
Annex 2:
http://www.amnestyusa.org/document.php?id=ENGMDE290162008〈=e

http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/MDE29/016/2008/en/cb61a215-d113-11dd-984e-fdc7ffcd27a6/mde290162008en.html

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
PUBLIC STATEMENT
Index: MDE 29/016/2008
Date: 23 December 2008

Morocco/Western Sahara: Irregularities in Sahrawi activist’s trial

Amnesty International is concerned about the recent sentencing of Sahrawi activist Mustafa Abdel Dayem, currently on hunger strike, to three years in prison on the basis of what he claims was a falsified record of statements he made in custody. The organization is also concerned that other aspects of Mustafa Abdel Dayem’s trial proceedings did not meet international fair trial standards as he was denied the right to legal counsel during his appeal hearing. His case was submitted several days ago to Morocco’s highest court, the Court of Cassation, which can review the alleged irregularities in his trial and, if confirmed, dismiss the ruling and send the case for retrial by a lower court.

Amnesty International fears that Mustafa Abdel Dayem’s conviction may have been intended to punish him for his public support for the right to self-determination for the people of Western Sahara and for the Polisario Front, which calls for an independent state in Western Sahara and runs a self-proclaimed government-in-exile in refugee camps in south-western Algeria.

Mustafa Abdel Dayem, member of both the Assa-Zag Branch of the Moroccan Association for Human Rights and the Sahrawi Journalists’ and Writers’ Union, was arrested without a warrant on the evening of 27 October 2008 at his home in Assa in southern Morocco and taken to the Royal Gendarmerie Station in the same city. His arrest followed anti-government protests in Assa earlier that day by Sahrawi members of the population calling for the creation of employment opportunities and the right of the Sahrawi people to self-determination. While Mustafa Abdel Dayem claims not to have participated in the protests, he admits to having lowered the Moroccan flag from the ‘Alal Al-Fassi secondary school, where he worked as a security guard. He explains that his action was intended to show his support and solidarity with the demonstrators and his opposition to the intervention of law enforcement officers to break up the protests.

On 4 November 2008, the Court of First Instance of Guelmim sentenced Mustafa Abdel Dayem to a three-year prison term and a fine of 50,000 dirhams (approximately US$6,220) for offending the flag of the Kingdom of Morocco, rebelling and inciting an armed gathering, participating in the destruction of public property and participating in the contempt of public officials on duty. The sentence also included a prohibition on Mustafa Abdel Dayem from practicing teaching or working in any educational institution for a period of 10 years. Mustafa Abdel Dayem insists that the record of his questioning by the Royal Gendarmerie (procès-verbal), on which his conviction was largely based, was falsified – attributing to him acts which he neither committed nor confessed to committing during his interrogation at the Royal Gendarmerie station in Assa. He argued that he had signed a procès-verbal following his questioning, whereas the one presented to the court was unsigned. During the hearing, his defence team walked out in protest at the court’s refusal to call on the Royal Gendarmerie to produce as evidence the procès-verbal signed by Mustafa Abdel Dayem.

During his appeal trial, Mustafa Abdel Dayem was denied his right to be defended by legal counsel. According to members of his defence team, none of his lawyers was summoned to the appeal hearings which took place at the Court of Appeals of Agadir. Furthermore, Mustafa Abdel Dayem claims that his request to postpone the second hearing on 11 December until his lawyers were present or until he had had the opportunity to constitute a different defence team was rejected by the court, which confirmed the lower court’s conviction later that day. On 19 December his lawyers submitted an appeal against the ruling to the Court of Cassation, which is mandated to review cases only on questions of procedure, but no date has yet been set for its consideration of the case.

Mustafa Abdel Dayem, currently incarcerated at Inzegane Prison in Agadir, has reportedly been on hunger strike since 13 December 2008 to protest the Court of First Instance’s refusal to request as evidence his signed procès-verbal to the Royal Gendarmerie and the Court of Appeal’s insistence on pronouncing its decision despite the absence of his defence team. Seven of his family members in Assa, including his parents, who are elderly, started a hunger strike on the same day in solidarity with him, threatening to continue it until he is retried in a trial meeting international standards.

Background

Since 2005, dozens of Sahrawis have been charged with violent conduct and detained after being arrested during or after demonstrations against Moroccan rule in Western Sahara. Many of those arrested allege that they were tortured or otherwise ill-treated to force them to sign confessions, to intimidate them from protesting further or to punish them for demanding the right to self-determination for the people of Western Sahara.

The Moroccan authorities continue to claim that those imprisoned were involved in criminal acts and are not being held for their views. Amnesty International has serious concerns about the fairness of their trials, including that some of the evidence was tainted on account of unexamined claims of torture or other ill-treatment and that defendants were not permitted to call defence witnesses

In October 2008, Yahya Mohamed ElHafed, member of the Collective of Sahrawi Human Rights Defenders, was found guilty of violent conduct and sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment in connection with his participation in a protest in Tan Tan against Moroccan rule. Eight other defendants received sentences of up to four years in prison. Allegations that they were tortured during questioning were not investigated.


Ministre de la défense sahraoui : Le Maroc entrave les négociations de paix


Tripoli (Libye), Le ministre de la Défense sahraouie, Mohamed Lemine ould Bouhali, a rejeté sur le Maroc la responsabilité de l'achoppement des pourparlers sur le Sahara Occidental, dans un entretien accordé à l’agence de presse africaine (PANA), publié mardi.

"Sans la présence d'un émissaire spécial du secrétaire général de l'ONU, les pourparlers entre les deux parties ne pourraient se poursuivre", a-t-il souligné, mardi à Tripoli dans cet entretien en marge de la clôture de la deuxième réunion des ministres de la Défense des pays de l'Afrique du Nord à laquelle il participe.

Il a affirmé que la problématique réside dans l'attitude du Maroc qui n'a ni approuvé ni réprouvé le nouvel émissaire onusien.

Evoquant le processus de paix, il a rappelé l'existence de résolutions de l'ONU et d'un plan de paix approuvé par le Conseil de sécurité de cette organisation.

Selon lui, si les parties concernées font preuve de bonne volonté et que l'ONU assume ses responsabilités à l'égard du plan de paix convenu, les négociations iront dans le bon sens et conduiront vers un référendum libre et équitable pour le peuple sahraoui qui lui permettra de donner son avis sur son autodétermination.

Parlant de la force de réserve dont la mise en oeuvre dans la région de l'Afrique du Nord a été adoptée, il a indiqué que la RASD contribue avec deux unités, une de génie civil et l'autre de patrouille et contribue à toutes les autres structures du commandement de cette force avec notamment 40 officiers dans le cadre de la surveillance.

quarta-feira, 24 de dezembro de 2008

Le "statut avancé" en négociation entre l'UE et le Maroc ne doit pas inclure le Sahara occidental


Alger, Le "statut avancé" que l'Union européenne (UE) envisage d'accorder au Maroc "ne doit pas inclure le Sahara occidental", a recommandé mardi la Ligue française des droits de l'homme (LDH) sur son site Internet.

L'UE et le Maroc sont en train de mener des discussions pour "approfondir leurs relations par le bais de cet accord, et jusqu'à présent, dans les rapports sur les négociations euro marocaines, il n'est nullement fait mention de l'exclusion du Sahara occidental de cet accord", constate la LDH.

Elle a ajouté que si l'UE décidait d'accorder ce statut avancé par le biais des négociations menées avec le Maroc, "puissance occupante", elle donnerait un "signal de soutien à la revendication territoriale marocaine infondée".

"Une telle décision pourrait mettre en danger les effort des Nations unies pour décoloniser le territoire", a averti l'organisation, tout en soulignant que le Maroc "a toujours été et est encore une puissance occupante au Sahara occidental, en violation de plus d'une centaine de résolutions de l'Onu qui exigent le droit à l'autodétermination pour le peuple sahraoui".

Rappelant les différentes résolutions mettant en évidence que le Sahara occidental est un territoire occupé et annexé et traitant la question sahraouie comme un problème de décolonisation, la LDH a indiqué qu'au regard du droit international en vigueur, l'UE et ses Etats membres "ont le devoir de ne pas reconnaître l'annexion du Sahara occidental par le Maroc, et de soutenir la décolonisation du territoire".

"Cela relève également d'un devoir moral, tant que le peuple sahraoui souffre de l'exil et subit les violations des droits humains par les forces d'occupation dans les territoires occupés du Sahara occidental", note la LDH.

"L'UE doit montrer clairement que le Sahara occidental est exclu sans ambiguïté de la zone d'application territoriale de l'accord de statut avancé, sans en confier la responsabilité au Maroc", insiste encore la Ligue des droits de l'homme.

La LDH a appelé l'UE à suivre l'exemple des Etats-Unis qui ont spécifiquement exclu le Sahara occidental de leur accord de libre échange avec le Maroc, et à soutenir le processus de paix mené par l'Onu.

Espagne: le Parlement régional de Cantabrie adopte une résolution de soutien au peuple sahraoui


Madrid, Le Parlement régional de Cantabrie (nord de l'Espagne) a adopté lundi une résolution de soutien au peuple sahraoui dans laquelle il a appelé au respect des droits de l'homme dans les territoires sahraouis occupés par le Maroc, et à la mise en œuvre des résolutions de l'ONU en faveur de l'autodétermination au Sahara occidental, a-t-on appris mardi auprès de cette institution.

Dans leur résolution, les parlementaires ont lancé un appel pressant en faveur du respect des droits de l'homme dans les territoires sahraouis occupés, et réitéré leur engagement avec le peuple sahraoui, à travers le Parlement de Cantabrie.

Ils ont également rappelé la "nécessaire mise en application des résolutions des Nations Unies", en faveur du droit à l'autodétermination du peuple sahraoui, et de "mettre fin, définitivement, au conflit du Sahara occidental dont est victime la population sahraouie depuis l'occupation (par le Maroc) de l'ancienne colonie espagnole, il y 33 ans".

Concernant la situation humanitaire des réfugiés sahraouis, les parlementaires ont demandé aux agences humanitaires des Nations Unies de "s'éloigner des pressions auxquelles elles peuvent être soumises, et de s'acquitter de leurs obligations telles que définies dans les engagements pris en matière d'aide humanitaire, de santé, d'éducation, de culture et de formation, en tenant compte des considérations particulières et spécifiques liées à la durée de l'exil".

Dans ce cadre, ils encouragent le gouvernement régional de Cantabrie à accroître de "manière décidée" sa coopération avec le peuple sahraoui, dont les réfugiés vivent actuellement une "grave situation" au plan humanitaire.

Le texte a été adopté à la faveur de la célébration du 60 ème anniversaire de la Déclaration universelle des droits de l'homme et sur la base des décisions prises lors de la 34ème Conférence européenne de solidarité avec le peuple sahraoui (Eucoco), tenue le mois dernier à Valence (Est de l'Espagne).

Swedish Greens demands Western Sahara out of Moroccan-EU cooperation


The Swedish Greens demanded the exclusion of Western Sahara from the EU-Morocco cooperation, said Ellinor Scheffert, international spokesperson of the Green Party, in a press release last Friday.

The Swedish Green Party signed an international petition launched last November by Western Sahara Resource Watch, WSRW, which demands that Western Sahara should be explicitly excluded if the EU and Morocco agrees on deepened cooperation.

Ellinor Scheffert indicated in her statement that "it is evident for the Green Party to support this petition”, because “a close cooperation between the EU and Morocco, where the Saharawi territory is included, would help to give further legitimacy to the occupation”.

“Unfortunately, she added, today the world gives its silent consent to the occupation of Western Sahara and to the torture and discrimination of the Saharawis. Morocco’s actions violate international law and human rights, they defy the United Nations, the International Court of Justice in The Hague and the African Union”, the international spokesperson of the Green Party said in a press release today.

For further information:
Ellinor Scheffert, (+46) (0)702-93 55 74
Mattias Bengtsson, press secretary, (+46) (0)736-27 53 83